Aspirin may halve air pollution harms

Aspirin may halve air pollution harms

A new study has revealed evidence that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin may lessen the adverse effects of air pollution exposure on lung function.

This findings were published in a recent edition of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine by researchers from the Columbia Mailman School of Public Health, Harvard Chan School of Public Health, Boston University School of Medicine.

The researchers analyzed a subset of data collected from a cohort of 2,280 male veterans from the greater Boston area who were given tests to determine their lung function. The average age of participants was 73 years.

The researchers examined the relationship between test results, self-reported NSAID use, and ambient particulate matter (PM) and black carbon in the month preceding the test, while accounting for a variety of factors, including the health status of the subject and whether or not he was a smoker.

They found that the use of any NSAID nearly halved of the effect of PM on lung function, with the association consistent across all four weekly air pollution measurements from same-day to 28 days prior to the lung function test.

Because most of the people in the study cohort who took NSAIDs used aspirin, the researchers say the modifying effect they observed was mainly from aspirin, but add that effects of non-aspirin NSAIDs are worthy of further exploration. While the mechanism is unknown, the researchers speculate that NSAIDs mitigate inflammation brought about by air pollution.

“Our findings suggest that aspirin and other NSAIDs may protect the lungs from short-term spikes in air pollution,” says first and corresponding author Xu Gao, PhD, a post-doctoral research scientist in the Department of Environmental Health Sciences at the Columbia Mailman School. “Of course, it is still important to minimize our exposure to air pollution, which is linked to a host of adverse health effects, from cancer to cardiovascular disease.”

“While environmental policies have made considerable progress toward reducing our overall exposure to air pollution, even in places with low levels of air pollution, short-term spikes are still commonplace,” says senior author Andrea Baccarelli, MD, PhD, chair of the Department of Environmental Health Sciences at the Columbia Mailman School. “For this reason, it is important to identify means to minimize those harms.”

An earlier study by Baccarelli found that B vitamins may also play a role in reducing the health impact of air pollution.

Source: Science Daily

About author

You might also like

PHARMA NEWS 0 Comments

HealthPlus wins 4th NHEA award

HealthPlus Limited, Nigeria’s first integrative pharmacy and fastest growing pharmacy chain in West Africa, has again emerged winner of the Healthcare Excellence Awards (NHEA) for the pharmaceutical retail outlet of

PHARMA NEWS 0 Comments

NAFDAC raises alert over fake anti-hypertension drug

ABUJA –  The National Agency for Food, Drug Administration and Control has alerted the public on the circulation of a fake anti-hypertensive drug. NAFDAC’s Director General, Prof. Moji Adeyeye, in a

PHARMA NEWS 0 Comments

May & Baker grows full year profit by 75%

Nigeria’s oldest Pharmaceutical company, May & Baker Nigeria Plc. has recorded an impressive growth in its performance for 2017. According a press statement made available to Nigeria Health Online (NHO)

0 Comments

No Comments Yet!

You can be first to comment this post!

Leave a Reply