NCDC issues advisory on Cerebrospinal Meningitis

NCDC issues advisory on Cerebrospinal Meningitis

As  the Meningitis season approaches, the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has issued an advisory urging  Nigerians to be vigilant, “ACT FAST and report any suspected case to the nearest health centre.”

As one of the countries within the Meningitis Belt, Nigeria has recorded outbreaks in the past. Until recently these outbreaks were caused mostly by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup A (NmA). These outbreaks occur in the dry season, due to its low humidity and dusty conditions and usually ends with the onset of the rainy season.

NCDC describes Cerebrospinal Meningitis (CSM) as an acute inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and the spinal cord. It is a very serious infection that can sometimes lead to fatal consequences.

CSM remains a major public health challenge in the African meningitis belt, with 26 States in Nigeria within this belt. Large outbreaks can occur during the dry season (i.e November through May).

“CSM is contagious and can be transmitted through tiny droplets of respiratory secretions from an infected person, during close contact such as coughing or sneezing. The disease is more common among persons aged less than 15 years and deaths are higher among untreated cases.

“Signs and symptoms include sudden high fever, loss of appetite, stiff neck, severe headache, sensitivity to light, difficulty concentrating, and convulsions,” NCDC further reveals.          

The agency also announced some preventive measures. These include:

  • Avoiding overcrowded places and ensuring adequate ventilation in the home.
  • Covering the nose and mouth with a disposable tissue when sneezing, coughing, or blowing the nose and disposing used tissues promptly into a waste bin.
  • Minimising contact with droplets when such as turning the head away from people coughing and sneezing.
  • Washing your hands frequently especially after coughing or sneezing.
  • Visiting the health facility if you notice anyone with symptoms of CSM.
  • Ensuring vaccination where available
  • Practicing universal care precautions at all times: i.e. wearing gloves, while handling patients or providing care to an ill relative.

“During epidemics, reactive vaccination campaigns can be used to prevent spread of the disease,” NCDC informs,

     

Below are the NCDC contacts

NCDC Toll-Free Number: 0800-970000-10

SMS: 08099555577

Whatsapp 07087110839

Twitter/Facebook: @NCDCgov

About author

You might also like

BREAKING NEWS 0 Comments

Killer in your fridge!

… Aspartame is sweet poison By  Ifeoma Okoye In October of 2001, my sister started getting very sick She had stomach spasms and she was having a hard time getting

Repeated antibiotics courses may alter children’s development – Study

A new animal study by New York University (NYU) Langone Medical Center researchers adds to growing evidence that multiple courses of commonly used antibiotics may have a significant impact on

FEATURES 0 Comments

Sudden death : Watch out for cardiac arrest – Cardiologist

There were conflicting reports about the sudden death, on November 22, of Abubakar Audu, fomer Kogi State Governor and APC governorship candidate for the 2015 election. While it was rumoured

0 Comments

No Comments Yet!

You can be first to comment this post!

Leave a Reply