Risks of diabetes in children

Risks of diabetes in children

diabetes in children

Q: What are the risks of diabetes in children?

A: The frequency of diabetes is rising around the world, and studies are showing children are at increasing risk of developing the disease. About 350 million people worldwide have the illness, a number likely to more than double in the next 20 years. Over time, diabetes can damage the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and nerves – causing chronic problems and early death.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes (sometimes called insulin-dependent, juvenile or childhood-onset diabetes) occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar. The cause is not known, but it is thought to be the result of a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Many countries are documenting higher numbers of newly diagnosed cases of type 1 diabetes, particularly in younger children. Interestingly, some disease patterns among children resemble infectious disease epidemics. Currently, there is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes (sometimes called non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes) happens when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Often preventable, it can result from excess body weight and physical inactivity, and sometimes, a genetic predisposition.

Recently, type 2 diabetes has increasingly been reported in children and adolescents, so much so that in some parts of the world type 2 diabetes has become the main type of diabetes in children. The global rise of childhood obesity and physical inactivity is widely believed to play a crucial role. Healthy eating and lifestyle habits are a strong defence against the disease.

Courtesy: WHO

About author

You might also like

BVNL partners South Africa’s Biovac to strengthen vaccine initiative for Africa

Swift from the recent inauguration of the Board of Biovaccines Nigeria Limited (BVNL) last month, the BVNL has “hit the ground running”. The BVNL team paid a working visit to,

Make blood donation a habit- Haematologist urges Nigerians

A Consultant Haematologist, Prof. Suleiman Akanmu, has called on Nigerians to make blood donation a regular thing in order to be free from diseases related to excess amount of iron

Processed meat can cause cancer

– IARC Report reveals The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the cancer agency of the World Health Organization, has evaluated the carcinogenicity of the consumption of red meat

0 Comments

No Comments Yet!

You can be first to comment this post!

Leave a Reply